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Glossary of Orthodontic Terms

Glossary of orthodontic terms ADJUSTMENT: The appointments also give the orthodontist an opportunity to evaluate the tooth movement and make the necessary recommendations in treatment. APPLIANCE: Orthodontic appliance – Any device used to influence the position of teeth and jaws. Removable appliance – An appliance that can be removed from the mouth and replaced at will by the patient. BAND:  A thin metal ring, usually stainless steel, which serves to secure orthodontic attachments to a tooth. A band, with orthodontic attachments welded or soldered to it, is closely adapted to fit the contours of the tooth and subsequently cemented into place. BANDING:  An orthodontic procedure during which bands are inserted and cemented onto teeth. BONDING: The process by which orthodontic attachments are affixed to the teeth by an adhesive. BRACKET:  Brackets are devices used in orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person’s bite, while also aiming to improve dental health. CHAIN:  A stretchable plastic chain used to hold archwires into brackets and to move teeth. CONSULTATION:  An appointment with your orthodontist where you discusses your treatment plan. DEBONDING:  The removal of bonded orthodontic attachments. ELASTICS:  descriptive of material behavior such that, upon unloading from a deformed state, recovery is totally to the configuration prior to loading (adjective). A flexible appliance auxiliary, that exhibits substantial force. FIXED RETAINER:  Any orthodontic appliance that is fixed and used to maintain the position of the teeth following corrective treatment. HERBST APPLIANCE:  Fixed or removable appliance designed to effect an orthopedic change of the mandible much like an activator. The appliance obliges the jaw to function in an anterior position to stimulate sagittal correction of Class II malocclusions. It is named for Emil Herbst. IMPRESSIONS:   The first step in making a model of your teeth.  You bite into a container filled with a rubber type material.  That material hardens to produce a mold of your teeth. INVISALIGN:  Unlike the more traditional braces or retainers, Invisalign is a virtually invisible method of straightening your teeth. You will be fitted with removable, see-through aligners that have been specifically crafted to fit your teeth. LIP BUMPER:   An appliance designed to eliminate excessive lip pressure on the anterior teeth and transfer that force to the molars. Typically consists of a labial archwire with or without an anterior plastic pad, fitted into tubes on the molars. The treatment objectives are to allow incisors to move forward and to distalize the molars, thereby increasing the arch length. MOUTHGUARD:  A removable elastic appliance used to protect the teeth and supporting tissues during contact sports. REMOVABLE RETAINER:  A passive removable acrylic and wire appliance, generally used to stabilize teeth in their new position after orthodontic correction. See retainer. SEPARATORS:  An object/ agent (elastic module, brass wire, spring) used for separating teeth. Sources:

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