Why Do My Gums Hurt? Possible Causes of Gum Pain
When you have a toothache, you go right to the dentist. What do you do when you have gums problems?
At Orthodontic Experts, one of the frequently asked questions is why do my gums hurt? There are many reasons why your gums hurt, but many gum problems don’t cause pain right away.
Gum pain, bleeding or swelling might be caused due to several reasons. Read on to learn about some of the possible causes of having gum pain.
Improper or Rough Brushing and Flossing
To maintain a good oral hygiene, you need a habit of regular brushing and flossing. However, if you’re overly aggressive, you can irritate and even damage your gums, especially if you are using a hard bristle toothbrush.
If your gums hurt after brushing, you should use a soft bristle toothbrush. They can clean your teeth as well as hard bristles toothbrush, and they’re recommended by the American Dental Association. Also, don’t be too aggressive with your brushing and flossing.
When you have an infection at the root of your tooth, it may form a pus pocket, or abscess. They don’t always hurt, but many do. Some abscessed teeth can cause swelling gums. If your gums hurt or are swollen, it’s better to visit your dentist because you may need a root canal to treat it.
The first signs of gum disease are redness, bleeding and swelling of the gums. If your gums have any of these symptoms, there is a chance that you have gum disease.
Usually, gum diseases are caused due to not flossing and brushing your teeth well or often enough. The most common type of gum disease is gingivitis and a less common, but more severe type is periodontitis.
Canker sores are also known as mouth ulcers. They’re painful non-contagious sores and can appear anywhere in the mouth, including the gums. Canker sores usually appear as red splotches in the mouth, but they can have a white coating, too. There’s no special medical recommendation for treating canker sores, but they tend to go away on their own within a week or two. If they don’t and your gums hurt, consult with your dentist.
Whether you smoke or use smokeless products like chewing tobacco, dip, or snuff, you’re at high risk of getting gum disease.
Cigarettes and cigars can damage your gums, but smokeless tobacco is more dangerous because it is placed between your cheek and gum, it can cause more harm to your mouth than cigarettes can. Due to excessive use of tobacco your gums hurt and could pull away from your teeth, and sores could form inside your mouth and on your gums. It could also lead to mouth cancer.
Changes in hormones can affect the gums of many women. If you’re a woman you might feel these changes at different times of your life. During puberty, there might be more blood flows to your gums, and they could feel swollen, tender or painful. Your gums might feel a little sore during your period. During pregnancy, your hormone levels surge and can affect your gums. Talk to your doctor if you notice gum pain associated with one of these hormonal events.
Sometimes you have hot foods like pizza or coffee that burn your gums. You forget about the incident, but later the burned area feels painful and your gums hurt. Typically, the gum tissue will heal in 10 days to two weeks, if you don’t continue to irritate the burn with hot foods or aggressive brushing.
Oral cancer can appear on your tongue, gums, inner cheek or tonsils. Initially it might show up as a sore that is not healing. If you have any sores in your mouth that takes more than two weeks to heal visit your dentist for a diagnosis.
Why Do My Gums Hurt When Flossing? Here’s the Solution!
Normally, it’s very rare for your gums to hurt or even bleed during and after flossing unless you have any of the above problems. If you don’t have any of the above issues and still your gums hurt when flossing on a regular basis, there are a few things you can do in order to fix this problem:
- Don’t do rough or over-aggressive flossing, just be gentle.
- Use a water pick.
- If your gums hurt when flossing with normal thread, use floss that comes with soft and gentle coatings.
Need Help? Give us a call
After all, if your gums hurt when flossing and you have any questions, you should give us a call at (847) 749-4340 and we will be happy to help you or schedule an appointment for you.
As always, if you have any questions regarding insurances, payment plans, flexible spending or health savings accounts please feel free to call the office, we’re here to help!